The regulator’s first steps concentrated on specific areas, which quickly became important:
Other actors in the organization of the state also felt the need to step up, so besides the above-mentioned obligatory acts, three recent recommendations/guidelines were issued:
It is worth mentioning that the need for being capable of distributing internationally marketable AI software is so high, that the municipality of the special economy zone of Shenzen city made dire steps to ensure its primary status among other cities. Shenzen is home to several tech giants, which are all leaders in AI development, so this city decided not to wait for the state-level complex legislation; instead it issued its own local, municipality-level regulation which ensures the support of R&D projects, and also calls for the development of local standards and certification mechanisms, the development of an ethical risk assessment and even creates a "Municipal Artificial Intelligence Ethics Committee".
As a quite recent event, the first obligatory regulation focusing on AI as a general phenomenon just came out on 11th April 2023, and its consultation period already ended on 10th of May. The Administrative Measures for the Management of Generative Artificial Intelligence Services. The legislation expects previous security assessments and content control of the software on the side of the service providers, anti-discrimination expectations in contrast to AI bias, requires intellectual property rights protection, and prevention of unfair competition, spreading misinformation, physical and mental harm of other persons; also sets out rules about the quality of the training data, privacy, complaint process, and expects the service providers to identify the end users and also educate them
The author is a digital business lawyer and data protection expert, holds an LL.M
 Personal Information Protection Law of the People's Republic of China http://en.npc.gov.cn.cdurl.cn/2021-12/29/c_694559.htm [2023. 06. 19.]
 Internet Information Service Algorithmic Recommendation Management Provisions
 White Paper on Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence" http://www.caict.ac.cn/english/research/whitepapers/202110/P020211014399666967457.pdf [2023. 06. 19.]
 The Code of Ethics for the next generation of Artificial Intelligence https://www.most.gov.cn/kjbgz/202109/t20210926_177063.html [2023. 06. 19.]
 Guiding Opinions on Strengthening Overall Governance of Internet Information Service Algorithms http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xxgk/moe_1777/moe_1779/202109/t20210929_568182.html [2023. 06. 19.]
 Shenzhen Special Economic Zone Artificial Intelligence Industry Promotion Regulations https://law.pkulaw.com/chinalaw/eb370a7e0d9edd5e8ca8bb1a5fa6a5e7bdfb.html [2023.06.19.]
 Administrative Measures for the Management of Generative Artificial Intelligence Service http://www.cac.gov.cn/2023-04/11/c_1682854275475410.htm [2023. 06. 19.]
As we can see, China quickly developed its own legislation of AI; within a mere 2 years, from the first steps focusing on specific application areas, through guidelines, the state arrived to the first complex regulation of artificial intelligence. The Cyberspace Administration of China plays a central role in the future processes, responsible for both issuing detailed rules and acting as supervisory authority. The already issued obligatory rules and recommendations have similar main elements compared to the European draft regulations, like the requirement of risk assessments, quality of training data, privacy protection, etc., but also contains some Chinese specialties, like the need to identify the end user. As more and more machine learning softwares are issued by the Chinese tech companies, and huge amounts of yuans spent for development in each year, the Chinese legal regulation is required to both to ensure the AI software development is safe for the Chinese people and also transparent, ethical, and therefore marketable for the international market.
Asia is experiencing a huge digital revolution, with mobile payments on the surge in the region. China is leading the way with the world’s largest internet user population and smartphone market, but other countries such as India and Indonesia have also stepped up to the plate.